Plant Stem Cell Extracts

Plant Stem Cell Extracts

In multicellular organisms, stem cells are undifferentiated or partially differentiated cells that can differentiate into various types of cells and proliferate indefinitely to produce more of the same stem cell. They are the earliest type of cell in a cell lineage. Thus, stem cells are simple, unspecialised cells found in animals and plants that have the ability to divide to form cells of the same type. They can also differentiate into a variety of specialised cells. 


Plant stem cells are innately undifferentiated cells located in the meristems of plant. The main meristems are close to the tip of the shoot, and the tip of the root. Meristematic tissues are located in root apical meristem (RAM), shoot apical meristem (SAM), and vascular system (pro) cambium or vascular meristem. They serve as the origin of plant vitality, as they maintain themselves while providing a steady supply of precursor cells (function as a source of new cells) to form differentiated tissues and organs in the plant.


Plant stem cells have a strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect, helping to protect against sun damage and prevent wrinkles. There is also evidence that stem cells can stimulate fibroblasts to synthesise collagen, which, in turn, stimulates skin regeneration and thus make your skin appear more youthful. One of the most important agents which give anti-aging properties to plant stem cell extracts is kinetin (6-furfuryladenine). This compound belongs to a cytokine group and is considered to be a strong antioxidant which protects protein and nucleic acids from oxidation and glycoxidation processes. It enables cells to remove the excess of free radicals to protect them from oxidative stress. The ‘extracts’ obtained from plant stem cells are a source of many active substances, such as polyphenols, phenolic acids, triterpenes, flavonoids, carotenoids, fatty acids, sugars, and peptides, which possess the anti-aging properties.


In 2010, researchers from the Plant Stem Cell Institute published their data in Nature Biotechnology. Their research demonstrated the world’s first cambial meristematic cell (CMS) isolation. CMCs were obtained from cambium tissue in the secondary meristems of plants. These cells are responsible for the production of primary phloem and primary xylem cells within the plant vasculature. Significantly, these cells are innately undifferentiated, and function as plant stem cells. Due to the valuable and beneficial compounds for human health (i.e. paclitaxel) which are secreted by the CMC’s, this technology is considered a serious breakthrough in plant biotechnology. 


PhytoCellTec™ Malus Domestica is an award winning patented liposomal encapsulated extract of cultured apple stem cells derived from the ‘Uttwiler Spätlauber’, a rare Swiss green apple variety. These apple stem cells are rich in epigenetic factors and metabolites, which ensure the longevity of skin cells and rejuvenate aging skin. It protects skin from free radicals caused by UV damage and keep collagen and elastin replenished in skin. They are shown to reduce inflammation, sooth irritation and sensitivity, prevent wrinkles and protect our skin from the environmental stressors we come into contact with. Thus, swiss green apple stem cell extract protects and increases the vitality of skin stem cells thereby renews the skin cells. 


Scientists carried out experiment where they incubated human fibroblasts induced with typical aging symptoms of damage to cellular DNA, in 2% stem cell extract from Uttwiler Spätlauber that could reverse the aging process of skin fibroblasts by upregulating the expression of several genes which are vital for cellular proliferation and growth as well as stimulate the expression of the valid antioxidant enzyme hemeoxygenase-1.


In a clinical study, which was carried out on a group of 20 panellists who used a cream with PhytoCellTecTM Malus Domestica active ingredient for four weeks, confirmed the effectiveness of the stem cell extract in reducing wrinkles (crow’s feet) on their faces. Depth of wrinkles was measured using the optical device, PRIMOS system for 3D skin surface display, and showed that the wrinkles around the eyes became shallower by 8% after 2 weeks and shallower by 15% after 4 weeks of use.


Argania spinosa (PhytoCellTecTM Argan) is a stem cell extract of a rare argan tree which was also shown to possess anti-wrinkle effect and improve the activity of the epidermal stem cells. 


PhytoCellTec™ Symphytum is  based on stem cells from comfrey roots. Comfrey is an old medicinal plant known for its healing properties. Comfrey has been used since ancient times: The ancient Romans and Greeks recommended comfrey for wound healing and broken bones as well as inflammatory and traumatic lesions of muscles and joints. It has clearly been shown to boost the regenerative power of epidermal stem cells and their ability to build new tissue. Indeed, even in pro-aging conditions, PhytoCellTec™ Symphytum has been proven to increase the thickness of the epidermis (+ by 88 %), resulting in a healthy, supple skin with an improved barrier function.


CytoPro Skin Vitalising Night Concentrate intelligently combines the benefits of cutting edge stem cell extracts (from rare Swiss Green Apple Stem Cell, rare Argan Tree Stem Cell, Comfrey Root Stem Cell).


Co-Q10 that is Ubiquinone (coenzyme Q10, Q10) is an endogenously synthesized lipid‐soluble antioxidant which is crucial for cellular energy production but is diminished with age and under the influence of external stress factors in our skin. In an independent study, topical skin care product with Q10 is shown to be beneficial with regard to effective  Q10 replenishment, augmentation of cellular energy metabolism, and antioxidant effects. It energises skin cells, reduce sun damage, stimulate collagen and elastic production, and helps reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. Co-Q10 has been a hero ingredient in Japanese beauty for years.


Snow Algae Powder is based on the extract of a unique extremophile algae that has managed to create survival strategies which enable them to grow on glaciers and in permanent snow. In order to survive in these harsh conditions, the snow algae have developed a kind of “sleeping beauty” tactic, which is similar to hibernating, in which the organism slows down and reduces caloric intake. Snow Algae Powder helps to enhance longevity of cells and improves skin structure, even the skin tone, slows down aging process of skin cells, increases production of collagen, and reinforce skin’s barrier function thereby helps to increase the longevity of skin cells. 


Vitamin E, a well-known antioxidant helps fight the signs of aging and makes your skin look younger.


Along with a combination of 3 stem cell extracts, Cytopro Skin Vitalising Night Concentrate contains  CoQ10, Snow algae powder, and Vitamin E to rejuvenate and protect youthful glow of your skin. Regular use of CytoPro Skin Vitalising Night Concentrate every night after cleansing your face with a mild cleanser –


  • Rejuvenates skin, protecting and promoting vitality of your youthful skin
  • Improves skin structure and reinforces barrier function by boosting collagen and elastin production
  • Evens the skin tone & helps to achieve smooth skin
  • Reduces the damage caused by sun’s harmful UV rays
  • Reduces inflammation, sooth irritation and sensitivity
  • Energizes skin cells and Fights signs of aging
  • Makes the skin look younger & protects the youthful glow
  • Suitable for All Skin Types & Quick absorption into skin
  • Delivers potent nutrients from the actives to the skin
  • Helps younger people to maintain their youthful skin and for others the facial wrinkles and fine lines can be delayed

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